Bioprinting – How this technology impacts Life Science Industry
Human race succeeded long back in inventing complex machines ranging from smartphones to rockets. We engineered so many complicated automated systems.It is not an exaggeration to say that these inventions and technologies completely changed our lifestyle. Still many explicit and well-articulated systems are beyond our control. The human body is one such example.
There is a huge quest for synthetic organs and tissues in today’s world. They are very complex. Building them artificially is very challenging. Their architecture – systems that can communicate with each other, supplying nutrients, oxygen, blood to various organs; removing waste and many functions of human tissues and organs made it really a tough job to engineer them and build manufacture them at factories.
It would definitely be the utmost victory of the human race over nature if we can manufacture identical human organs and tissues. Then a lost or damaged organ or tissue can be replaced easily without reconnaissance for donor organs. This is a dream coming true with emerging technology, Bioprinting.
What is Bioprinting?
It is a technology of producing an architectural system depending on the basic composition of the required organ or tissue. It targets to cultivate new tissues and ultimately new organs. It is still in research phase.
A Bioprinter is used in a lab environment to develop these designs. With the help of a bioprint head, which moves right or left or up or down according to the requirement, thin layers are deposited one over the other to develop new cells. These cells are grouped to form tissues which eventually grouped to form organs. Bio-Ink is used to produce these artificial cells, tissues, and organs. These bioprinters also use hydrogel to fill gaps between tissues, thus protecting and supporting them.
Undoubtedly, this technology would be a huge revolution in tissue engineering. It won’t target to germinate cells by seeding them. It aims at tissue production by fabrication, in which layers of biological materials are deposited. The major uses of it include tissue engineering, organ transplants, reconstructive therapy.
4 ways in which Bioprinting impacts Life Science Industry:
- Drugs can be directly tested on the Bioprinted miniature organs.
- With this technology, skin almost similar to human skin can be produced. This can be very helpful for cosmetic testing, as testing on theanimal skin is banned in many countries.
- Medical instrument manufacturing companies are eagerly looking for best substitutional devices for replacements like knee, hip,
- With this technology more similar, realistic and less expensive cell culture models can be produced quickly.
Bioprinting aids to duplicate human organs. It is in its fundamental stage. It lacks perfection and is yet not productive in themedical field. It may be a wish fulfilled in near future, to minimise the waiting for donor organs, thus saving many lives.